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Hand, Foot, Mouth Disease (HFMD) Outbreak

September 18, 2016

 

Here we are again! It seems as if every week there is a new outbreak of some sort and this week is no different. Recently, a condition known to be mostly prevalent in young children and infants in populated, confined areas, such as daycares and schools, has now confirmed at least 22 cases on the campus of  Florida State University and 8 reported cases in a New Jersey High School.  Central Florida has also being seeing cases in their Pediatric offices.  "Dr. Christopher Houts of Powell Pediatric Care in Ohio told CNN that he's seen more cases this year than any time in his 21 years as a pediatrician, but he's not sure why." (Dovey, D Hand-Foot-Mouth Disease Outbreak Occurs At Florida State University 2016)

 

HFMD is caused by , " a strain of coxsackievirus, most commonly coxsackievirus A16. The coxsackievirus is part of a group of viruses called Enteroviruses. In some cases, other types of Enteroviruses can cause hand, foot, and mouth disease," (Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease) and is highly contagious. The disease is contagious before signs of illness begin to show. It is transmitted through direct contact with unwashed hands, surfaces with traces of the virus, feces, saliva or respiratory secretions.

 

HFMD is identified by fevers, poor appetite, sore throat, headache, irritability, painful red blisters or sores in and around the mouth area and a  rash on the hands and feet. The disease has no cure, however pain management is used to alleviate discomfort. Thankfully, HFMD patients are noted to be cleared of symptoms within 10-14 days.

 

 "An important part of the nurse's duty is the care of the patient's diet. The patient should not be allowed to suffer or become unduly weakened through lack of nourishment, nor should the enfeebled digestive powers be overtaxed. Care should be taken so to prepare and serve the food that it will be palatable, but wise judgment should be used in adapting it to the needs of the patient, both in quantity and quality. " (MH 221.2)

 

Due to the blisters in the mouth, eating can be undesirable and bothersome, however nutrients are vital to sustain life. Try giving the patient:

  • Ice or popsicles to suck on

  • Cold drinks

  • Avoid citrus fruits, fruit drinks, and soda

  • Avoid spicy or salty foods

 

'Those who minister to the sick should understand the importance of careful attention to the laws of health. Nowhere is obedience to these laws more important than in the sickroom. Nowhere does so much depend upon faithfulness in little things on the part of the attendants."(MH 219.1) " Those who care for the sick should give special attention to diet, cleanliness, fresh air, and exercise. Like carefulness on the part of the family will enable them also to endure the extra burdens brought upon them, and will help to prevent them from contracting disease." (MH 219.2)

 

"To afford the patient the most favorable conditions for recovery, the room he occupies should be large, light, and cheerful, with opportunity for thorough ventilation. The room in the house that best meets these requirements should be chosen as the sickroom. Many houses have no special provision for proper ventilation, and to secure it is difficult; but every possible effort should be made to arrange the sickroom so that a current of fresh air can pass through it night and day." (MH220.3)

 

Natural Remedies to Boost Immune System

  • Elderberry Syrup

  • Echinacea

  • Cod Liver Oil

 

Natural Remedies for Pain Management

  • Epsom Salts Bath with lavender oil

  • Nettle Leaf

  • Peppermint

  • Yarrow

  • Oreganol Oil

 

 

 

@. (n.d.). Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease. Retrieved September 18, 2016, from http://www.healthline.com/health/hand-foot-mouth-disease#Treatments6

 

Dovey, D., (2016, September 16). Hand-Foot-Mouth Disease Outbreak Occurs At Florida State     University. Retrieved September 18, 2016, from http://www.medicaldaily.com/hand-foot-mouth-disease-outbreak-florida-state-university-what-exactly-common-398115

 

Scutti, S. (2016, September 15). Hand, foot and mouth outbreak strikes Florida university.             Retrieved September 18, 2016, from http://www.cnn.com/2016/09/15/health/hand-foot- and-mouth-outbreak-florida-state/index.html

 

White, E. G. (1942). The Ministry of Healing. Mountain View, CA: Pacific Press Pub. Association.

 

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